No the familiar spirit doesn’t have a set way it appears, although it will usually settle into something that works for you. Sometimes its useful in the beginning to pick out a form for it, but it isn’t good to become attached to that.
Yes all of the above for the most part, are titles of books from the 1990s into the 2000s. They are all about regular witchcraft done in different locations. Witches can do witchcraft anywhere, its just a marketing thing to make variety for book titles and subjects without actually saying anything new. These books take the same formula for any Neo-Wicca 101 book and just give it a theme. The terms did not really exist before then.
Before then, it was all just witchcraft or foriegn or outdated words for the same (Wicca/e being an old Anglo-saxon term for example). Hedge Witch may have a bit of an older root, for example the word Hedge-mage exists in Dungeons and Dragon’s games that came out in the 70’s, it was for less magic users who weren’t good enough to get character classes in the game, basically a title for non-player characters who were there for the story progression or for the player characters to kill or interact with. Its possible hedge mage has an older root, perhaps Gaygak got it from somewhere or he or one of his writers just invented it.
More specifically, Hedge-riding or Hedge-crossing has a meaning to witchcraft, in that the hedge is the barrier between the encroaching wild world of nature, the domain of the devil and spirits, and the village. And Hedgerider is one of several meanings of a middle Dutch/Germanic term for Witch Haghetesse/Hagazussa root for the modern German word for witch Hexe (also Hawthorn is related, a traditiona fairy otherworld tree). However, there are related terms like Hexesabbat about the witches flying to the sabbat so its understandable that the connection has been made. Witches both literally and spiritually crossed the hedge. As outlaws (along with all other kinds of outlaws, like highway men) they lived out there, when they were still under the radar so to speak, they would sneak out there to find their plants. Growing the hedges were their healing plants that were illegal to use, like henbane and belladonna both useful both as medicine in careful doses, anesthetic and as poison. Those same herbs could help one also spiritually cross the hedge and fly in a drug aided torpor to the witches sabbath. Today most of us live nowhere near the wilds, and so the term has meaning in a different way, one might drive to the wilds to do their sabbath or gather plants, or one might meditate until they reach a similar state to that induced by poisonous drugs to spiritually fly to the otherworld. Today, witch has many meanings, but in the middle ages, it was someone who was an outlaw and did these otherworld and wild things.
So again a hedge-witch is just a regular witch. No particular reason to use the term, its not any different from just being a witch. A number of the books out on hedge witches aren’t about that though and are just the same rehashes of pop-wicca 101 material with a theme of bushes. So if you are curious about the otherworldy stuff, look for more specifics like hedge riding or hedge crossing in the title or description of a book.
On Tumblr a lot of regular witches do use terms like cottage witch and hearth witch. No disrespect to them, none of them claim the terms are older than the 90s or so and it is useful for them to focus their practices in particular areas of their house. Which is wonderful, but its not like a whole seperate tradition or type of witch, we still do basically the same things.
corrected for a bad source of etymology.
stsathyre was asking how witches recharge their batteries, now of course chilling in the outdoors is an obvious response, but St asks us to look beyond that, since nature is not her thing, she asks us to give other answers.
Of course, for me, the first thing I think, *sex*—with someone I just adore (me or my partner as the case may be).
Another thing I think, is stellar bodies: the sun, moon, stars. You can access these through an open window, I don’t know if that counts as nature. I root my feet in the floor and send roots down through the earth and I cycle in that vibrant red light radiating from the earth and I pull it through my three cauldrons and I open up the crown of my head to receive the cool blue star light and let it revive me.
“Elements”, like immersing myself in water as a bath, or blowing a fan on me for air, or cuddling up buried in blankets for earth, or sitting by a roasting fire or a heater vent for fire. I am especially energized by first relaxing in the tub or hot shower with some lavender scented stuff, then cuddling up deep in the blankets and just collapsing into comfort. Then I come out of it all and get toasty in the heat and get moving. I am a bit of a hibernator like that.
Another good one is a Mana rite from Feri, where you gather energy from around you and put it into a glass of water, then you can drink itto become more energized
Has Dorothy Clutterbuck’s poetry been published (or otherwise disseminated)?
Yes, you can read some of her poetry in Wiccan Roots by Philip Heselton, in the introduction, Ronald Hutton comments that they are compelling. The verdict isn’t in on whether she was a pagan or not, but the story goes that she allowed the Wiccans to use one of her houses for Gardner’s initiation ritual and she is clearly new-agey sympathetic by her nature worshiping style poetry.